Gay Powell Hanna, Linda S.
In advance of the White House Conference on Aging WHCoA in, andthe arts and aging communities held mini-conferences to ensure that arts, culture, and livability were part of larger public policy discussions. This article takes a historical look at recommendations from the WHCoA Mini-Conference on Creativity and Aging in America, including arts in health care, lifelong learning, and livability through universal design. Overarching recommendations in requested investments in research, including cost-benefit analyses; identification of best practices and model programs; program dissemination American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art broaden the availability of arts programs.
Through the leadership of the National Endowment for the Arts and U. Department of Health and Human Services, thinking about the arts and aging has broadened to include greater emphasis on a whole-person approach to the health and well-being of older adults.
This approach engages older adults in arts participation not only as audience members, but as vital members of their community through creative expression focusing on life stories for intergenerational American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art well as interprofessional collaboration.
Sincethe federal government has shown its commitment to improving the lives of older adults by holding periodic White House Conference on Aging WHCoA to shape public policy for aging in America in the coming decade. In advance of each of these convenings, the arts and aging communities have held mini-conferences to "American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art" recommendations for the larger WHCoA to ensure that arts, culture, and livability are part of the broader discussions on aging.
These mini-conferences, held prior to the, and WHCoAs, played an important role in fostering a robust field of aging, arts, and health among practitioners, researchers, and organizations that serve older adults through participation in all arts forms, including music, theater, dance, visual American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art, literature, multimedia and design, folk, and traditional arts.
The most recent mini-conference in focused on the importance and value of professionally directed arts programming for, by, and with older Americans as an important element of the quality of life for older adults. A select group of 44 leaders in the fields of aging, the arts, education, philanthropy, government, and research developed recommendations on three issues important to older Americans: The WHCoA delegates considered more than 3, recommendations submitted by groups across the aging field, and only 50 were selected as WHCoA resolutions.
It is therefore significant that 2 of the final 50 resolutions were drawn from the Creativity and Aging mini-conference: In the years following the WHCoA and mini-conference, the creative aging field has significantly expanded and deepened in practice, research, and policy arenas, with leadership and support from the NEA.
Inthe NEA developed a funding initiative designed to actively engage older Americans as creators in disciplines of literature and music and to promote lifelong learning in the arts.
It was the first grant-making program of its kind that did not look upon older adults only as passive audience members. The NEA awarded 14 grants to organizations representing a wide range of genres within each discipline, including programs that engaged older adults in activities such as poetry writing, songwriting, and mentoring of younger musicians in both urban and rural settings; these programs were delivered by professional artists and teaching artists.
Evaluation reports were produced and are available upon request. This searchable directory of more than arts programs for older adults in urban, suburban, and rural communities was designed to provide a comprehensive list of programs that: A guiding rubric was developed by a task force of leading practitioners in creative aging, education, and health to assist with vetting arts and aging programs in the national directory.
A of evolving stronger methodologies for program evaluation is included to build organizational capacity as well as encourage the development of evidence-based programming.
Second, NCCA developed an online tool to help build a pool of professional artists and teaching artists trained to deliver high-quality arts programs that engage older people themselves as creators American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art the arts and humanities NCCA, n.
This American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art, self-guided online course offers an introduction to key concepts, methods, and current research from the field of arts in aging. It introduces learners to several approaches and techniques for teaching older adults who are interested in lifelong learning, using exercises and case studies that reflect current practice in arts education.
The training covers topics such as the aging process, the creative potential of older adults, and how identify community partners in aging, arts, and health-related services. Lastly, it provides guidance on how to plan, implement, and evaluate arts programming for older adults. Since its launch in Junemore thanlearners from countries around the world have used the online training.
Although developed for professional and teaching artists, user data show the tool has also engaged learners from fields such as social work, life enrichment, and health care. In andthe NEA funded NCCA to develop statewide communities of practice for 30 state arts agencies, and it continues to support their expansion. Through this network and in partnership "American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art" the National Assembly of State Arts Agencies, NCCA has supported the development of statewide infrastructures for creative aging and communities of practice involving leaders in the arts, education, and health and human services.
These states have engaged in activities such as professional and resource development, asset mapping, expanded grant-making policies, and technical assistance for state and regional leaders working in the arts, health, and aging. The work of these 30 state arts agencies in both rural and urban settings throughout the country includes folk and traditional artists establishing new models for arts programming that serves adults throughout later life.
With related state-level agencies in health and aging, those involved in the communities of practice will be engaged in the WHCoA on both the state and national levels.
The NEA also recognizes the need for research evidence of the impact of the arts on human development and lifelong learning. Inthe NEA began convening a Federal Interagency Task Force on the Arts and Human Development, with the goal of encouraging more and better research on how the arts can help people reach their full potential at all stages of life.
Task force members represent agencies from across the federal government, including the NEA, U. It has also conducted a series of public webinars on compelling research findings and evidence-based practices.
As a result of this convening, new NIH research funding opportunities include arts-based programs as eligible interventions for empirical investigation. A recent example is the announcement of NIH support for research in arts for symptom management in palliative care settings. In addition to these American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art, the NEA continues to award numerous grants supporting projects and research on creativity and aging and arts programming in health care settings.
Immediately following the mini-conference, several key goals were accomplished. This resulted in the building of a platform, which grew substantially for the rest of the decade, for arts programs serving older adults and supporting professional development. The central premise of these recommendations was that the arts are a national and human resource and participating in them is vital to healthy aging.
Each issue area called for three key actions. The first was to invest in research, including cost-benefit analyses to establish the impact and economic value of arts programs and interventions. The second called for identifying best practices and model programs in arts services and disseminating them to make them accessible to older Americans from all socioeconomic, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds.
The third was to promote creation of innovative private and public partnerships to support program development and public awareness of arts services across the aging, arts, and health sectors. The following sections review each of these specific recommendations and progress made to date. Contemporary arts in health care practices began as a movement to integrate arts interventions in clinical settings in the s.
The mini-conference recommendations included providing professional development to health care providers on the use of the arts in geriatric services, as well as building a workforce of professional artists to team with health care providers across health care settings.
Special attention was given to the growing demographic of Baby Boomers and their role as caregivers for relatives with memory loss and other neurocognitive disorders. These teams would have a dual purpose: Accreditation standards for artists working in health care settings similar to those accrediting expressive arts therapists are being developed through a American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art of university-based medical centers with long-standing arts programs e.
During the past 10 years, there have been accomplishments related to all three key recommendations. The New England GEC American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art includes partnerships with state and local arts councils featuring the work of older artists and highlighting the accomplishments of older people in later life.
It also strives to inspire health care providers to engage in self-care by participating in the arts and humanities. This unfolding and sharing of life stories enables health care professionals to know their patients beyond illness, learn what motivates them to heal, and gain context for family caregiver support.
Although limited according to an informal survey in conducted by NCCA, GEC programs are utilizing the humanities and the arts to illustrate the potential of older people to be engaged later in life as role models of successful aging. The National Institute on Aging conducted a multiyear evaluation study — to measure the change of attitudes in medical students toward older people through art-making projects at museums located across the country.
These findings suggest American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art intergenerational activities may be efficacious in encouraging medical students to enter the field of geriatric care. Innovative regional arts-based training programs for artists, health care providers, and community workers have been developed by ArtSage in Minneapolis, MN, and the Creative Center of the University Settlement in New York, NY.
Designed to equip professional teams to work together across the spectrum of health care settings, including home, acute care, and continuing care, the curriculum of each organization is based on the aforementioned Creativity Matters! This intergenerational project teaches undergraduate and graduate students in arts, social work, occupational therapy, and other helping professions about positive aging, while assisting older artists in cataloging their art work. The NIH has released funding to encourage research in the basic science of arts interventions.
More than grantmakers learned about the importance of leadership efforts in funding aging, arts, and health care. White papers were produced by Grantmakers in the Arts and Grantmakers in Health, and a family foundation guide was produced by Grantmakers in Aging that includes funding in creative aging programs. Substantial progress has been made in the development of evidence-based arts interventions for family caregivers and people with memory loss and other neurocognitive disorders.
The Mark Morris Dance Group partnered with the Brooklyn Parkinson Group to develop and replicate Dance for PD, an evidence-based program, in more than communities across nine countries. The field has grown to the extent that comprehensive multi-arts service providers to community organizations and residential facilities serving older adults, such as Bethesda, MD-based Arts for the Aging AFTAare creating new business models and exploring ways to build a business case for arts in health care.
In higher education, the University of Central Florida in Orlando, FL, is conducting interdepartmental research with the Department of Performing Arts, College of Medicine, and the Department of Veterans Affairs to build evidence and provide support to community-based organizations using the arts to serve family caregivers.
Ongoing challenges in this area and unrealized goals from include the need for rigorously designed research, cost-benefit analyses, and translational strategies that can be used to bring evidence-based interventions rapidly to scale to meet growing demographic needs.
The programs and American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art developed over the past 10 years need to be made more accessible to
American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art and underserved communities and to diverse populations. Technology promises to help close some of these gaps through the use of iPods and web-based programming.
The model programs and best practices in arts, aging, and health tend to be concentrated on the east New York, Washington, DC, and Florida or west coast Californiawith strong hubs also in Minnesota and Wisconsin.
It should be noted that although the involvement of local government is growing, state governments are taking the lead more than local governments. Gaps in service still abound in arts programs in clinical settings serving older adults, especially in long-term care and assisted living in other parts of the United States and in rural areas.
Making the case for the value of the arts in health care continues to be a challenge in terms of developing sustainable business models that balance the earned income from older adults who can afford to pay with sufficient underwriting for those who cannot. Because there is no formal structure for lifelong learning in the arts, recommendations centered around building upon existing institutions and organizations providing arts education, such as higher education,
American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art, libraries, and senior centers.
Recommendations also proposed mentorship programs and intergenerational activities, along with a public awareness program to promote brain health through the arts. Accomplishments made to date in lifelong learning and the arts include robust partnerships among community-based arts, aging services, and other community organizations.
With support from the AARP Foundation and the Institute of Museums and Library Sciences, American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art Arts administers the Creative Aging Libraries Project "American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art" a number of cities around the nation, offering free instructional arts workshops for older adults in public libraries.
Museums and performing arts organizations are expanding arts education opportunities to include summer camps for older adults and evening continuing education classes. Hybrid creative arts organizations continue to grow rapidly, such as Encore Creativity for Older Adults, which offers professionally led music instruction and performance in chorale groups throughout the Washington, DC, area and at sites in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Utah, Florida.
Another, New Horizons International American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art Association, offers musical instruction and performance in bands and orchestras to adults aged 50 and older.
Established in Rochester, NY, by the Eastman School of Music, New Horizons now has American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art organizations throughout the nation as well as a broad commitment to educating older adults in music making and community building. Picerne Foundation supports programs that promote healthy human development such as the Artists Outreach Project.
This project funds retired K arts teachers to work with underserved populations and help integrate the arts into at-risk communities such as detention centers and substance abuse programs. Osher Lifelong Learning Institutes have been established at more than universities and colleges since to offer noncredit courses to adults aged 50 and older for continuing education and life enhancement.
The NEA, along with many state and local arts agencies, has expanded from funding from only K arts education to funding lifelong arts education, leading the way for innovative partnerships among stakeholders in the arts, aging, and educational services, and for other private and corporate "American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art." The challenging opportunities in lifelong learning and community-building through the arts that should be addressed in the upcoming mini-conference are to: New business models and marketing plans for arts organizations and community services are needed to fully engage the older population and to support sustainability of arts and educational institutions.
The recommendations in Universal Design underscored the importance of designing and creating homes, neighborhoods, and communities that support choice and livability throughout the life span. The goal was to improve the quality of life for all American texas intergenerational dating definitions of art contribute to reduced long-term care costs by expanding opportunities to age in place.
Professional development in the area of universal design was viewed as essential to progress on this major issue, encouraging designers, builders, and developers to strengthen business and marketing plans.
Other recommendations addressed revisions to zoning laws to allow multifamily dwellings. Innovative partnerships between arts organizations and senior living companies were promoted, as well as work with the U. Department of Housing and Urban Development to examine policies on building and design for meeting growing demographic needs beyond basic Americans with Disabilities Act requirements.
Progress over the last 10 years has produced many innovative housing solutions for older adults and their families. of Americans. believe intergenerational activities can help reduce loneliness. million. children. live in Expanding Intergenerational Programs & Spaces.
Intergenerational drama theater workshops involving students and seniors that The Assisted Living Federation of America (ALFA) Senior Living Art. purpose and meaning in life and restore self worth, dignity and confidence. Texas, USA. They make their intergenerational character a defining feature of their community life, ministries, and Insights from research and pastoral experience tell us that being intentionally.
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