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Bikini and Eneu are the only islands of the atoll that hosted a permanent population. Bikini Island is the northeastern most and largest islet.

Discover Bikini Atoll in Marshall...

The atoll is known for the nuclear testing the United States conducted on it during the s and s, before which the indigenous population was removed.

The island's English name is derived from the German colonial name Bikini given to the atoll when it was part of German New Guinea. Before the advent of Western influencethe Bikini islanders' sustenance-based lifestyle was based on cultivating native plants and eating shellfish and fish.

They were skilled boat-builders and navigators, sailing the two-hulled proa Facts bikini island and from islets around the Bikini and other atolls in the Marshall Islands.

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Japan occupied the islands starting in Some of the leaders maintained Asian-style bungalows and maintained servants, including secretaries, maids, and valets. The islanders worked the copra plantations under the watchful eye of the Japanese, who took a portion of the sales. The Marshall islanders took pride in extending hospitality to one another, Facts bikini island distant relatives.

Women traditionally [6] wore two mats about a yard metre square each, made by weaving pandanus and hibiscus leaves together [4] and belted around the waist. They introduced a dress for women that was long, wide, loose-fitting gown with long sleeves and a high neck, intended Facts bikini island cover as much skin as possible. Ina visitor reported that Marshall Islands women "are perfect models of prudery.

Bikini Atoll Reference Facts

Not one would think of exposing her ankles. They believe that a woman's thighs [9] and shoulders should be covered. Personal health is never discussed except within the family, and women are especially private about female-related health issues, [6] Facts bikini island they are willing to talk about their breasts. In the capital of Majuro, revealing cocktail dresses are inappropriate for both islanders and guests. Facts bikini island, jeans, skirts, and makeup are making their way via the media to the islands.

The Bikini islanders continue to maintain land rights as the primary measure of wealth. To all Marshallese, land is gold. If you were an owner of land, you would be held up as a very important figure in our society. Without land you would be viewed as a person of no consequence But land here on Bikini is now poison land.

Each family is part of a clan Bwijwhich owns all land. The clan owes allegiance to a chief Iroij. The chiefs oversee the clan heads Alapwho are supported by laborers Dri-jerbal. The Iroij control land tenure, resource use and distribution, and settle disputes.

The Alap supervise land maintenance and daily activities. The Dri-jerbal work the land including farming, cleaning, and construction. The Marshallese society is matrilineal and land is passed down from generation Facts bikini island generation through the mother. Land ownership ties families together into clans. Grandparents, parents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, and cousins form extended, close-knit family groups. Gatherings tend to become big events. One of the most significant family events is the first birthday of a child kememwhich relatives and friends celebrate with feasts and song.

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Payments made in the 20th century as reparations for damage to the Bikini Atoll and the islanders' way of life have elevated their income relative to other Marshall Island residents.

It has caused some Bikini islanders to become economically dependent on the payments from the trust fund. This dependency has eroded individuals' interest in traditional economic pursuits like taro and copra production. The Facts bikini island also altered traditional patterns of social alliance and political organization. On Bikini, rights to land and land ownership were the major factor in social and political organization and leadership.

After relocation and settlement on Kili, a dual system of land tenure evolved. Disbursements from the trust fund were based in part to land ownership on Bikini and based on current land Facts bikini island on Kili.

Before the residents were relocated, they were led by a local chief and under the nominal control of the Paramount Chief of the Marshall Islands. Afterward, they had greater interaction with representatives of the trust fund and the U. Most Marshallese speak both the Marshallese language and at least some English. Government agencies use Marshallese.

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One important word in Marshallese is "yokwe" which is similar to the Hawaiian "aloha" and means "hello", "goodbye" and "love".

Between and23 Facts bikini island devices were detonated by the United States at seven test sites located on the reef, inside the atoll, in the air, or underwater. The testing began with the Operation Crossroads series in July Prior to nuclear testingthe residents initially accepted resettlement voluntarily to Rongerik Atollbelieving that they Facts bikini island be able to return home within a short time.

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However, Rongerik could not produce enough food, Facts bikini island the islanders starved. When they could not return home, they were relocated to Kwajalein Atoll for six months before choosing to live on Kili Islanda small island one-sixth the size of their home island.

Some were able to return to Bikini Island in ; Facts bikini island, further testing revealed dangerous levels of strontium There are 23 islands in the Bikini Atoll; the islands of Bokonijien, Aerokojlol, and Namu were vaporized during the nuclear tests.

The total lagoon area is The islanders cultivated native foods including coconutpandanuspapayabananaFacts bikini islandtarolimesbreadfruitand pumpkin. A wide variety of other trees and plants are also present on the islands.

The islanders were skilled fishermen. They used fishing line made from coconut husk and hooks from sharpened sea shells.

They used more than 25 methods of fishing. Animal life in the atoll was severely impacted by the atomic bomb testing. Existing land species include small lizards, hermit crabs, and coconut crabs. The islands are frequented by a wide variety of birds.

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To allow vessels with a larger draft to enter the lagoon and to prepare for the atomic bomb testing, the United States used explosives to cut a channel through the reef and to blow up large coral heads in the lagoon.

The underwater nuclear explosions carved large holes in the bottom of the lagoon that were partially refilled Facts bikini island blast debris. The explosions distributed vast amounts of irradiated, pulverized coral and mud across wide expanses of the lagoon and surrounding islands.

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The islands are hot and humid. The islands border the Pacific typhoon belt.

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The wet season is from May to December while the trade winds from January through May produce higher wave action. When the United States asked the islanders to relocate in19 islanders lived elsewhere. The residents comprising about 40 families [19] who lived on the atoll voluntarily moved to Rongerik Atoll, and then to Kwajalein Atoll, and once again in November to Kili Island, when the population numbered They were later given public lands on Ejit and a few families initially moved there to grow copra.

Inabout Bikini islanders returned to Facts bikini island on the atoll after they were reassured that it was safe. They remained for about 10 years until scientists found an fold increase in the caesium body burdens and determined that the island wasn't safe after all. The residents were Facts bikini island in September once again.

Three Islands were vaporized during...

In Facts bikini island, there were 2, total individuals; 1, islanders living on Kiji, in Majuro, on Ejit, on other Marshall Islands or atolls, and in the United States. Of those, 81 were among those who left the atoll in As of Februarythere were living Bikini islanders: Of that number, 31 lived on Bikini in Maddison has lived on Bikini Island since His grandfather was one of the original residents relocated in Department of Energy with soil monitoring, testing cleanup methods, mapping the wrecks in the lagoon, and accompanying Facts bikini island on dives.

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The Bikini islanders were historically loyal to a king, or Irojj. After the Marshall Islands separated from the United States in the Compact of Free Association inits constitution established a bicameral parliament.

The upper house is only a consultative body. It consists of traditional leaders Iroijlaplapknown as the Council of Iroojwho advise the lower house on traditional, cultural issues.

The lower house or Nitijela consists of 33 senators elected by 24 electoral Facts bikini island.

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Universal suffrage is available to all citizens 18 years of age and older. The 24 electoral districts correspond roughly to each Marshall Islands atoll.

The lower house elects the president who, with the approval of the Nitijela, selects a cabinet from among members of the Nitijela. Four district centers in Majuro, Ebeye, Jaluit, and Wotje provide local government.

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Each district elects a council and mayor and may appoint local officials. The district centers are funded by the national government and by local revenues.


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